Transferring your legacy

The next Silicon Valley must-have? A private foundation

8 Minute Read

While the pandemic might have shuttered businesses across the country, Silicon Valley tech companies have defied the odds. In 2020, IPO capital raising hit its highest level in a decade. Start-up valuations soared, and blockbuster IPOs, like the one for Airbnb, created a bumper crop of wealth. But unlike previous iterations of newly minted money, the beneficiaries of this recent boom are forsaking the traditional private-island-and-jet splurge. Their new acquisition of choice could be a more charitable one.

Last year my company helped set up more new foundations than at any other time in our 20-year history – many for tech entrepreneurs and business owners planning for a liquidity event. And we expect that the ongoing wave of IPOs could fuel a surge in private foundation philanthropy, even as Brookings, NPR and others have documented a decline in spending among America’s most affluent households during the past year.

What, No Gold-Plated Yacht?

Boom times in Silicon Valley used to be marked by lavish displays of excess, including the now-legendary wedding of Napster co-founder Sean Parker, whose 2013 “Lord of the Rings” nuptials cost $4.5 million and featured a 9-foot-high cake and guest apparel by the film’s costume designer. So, why aren’t the beneficiaries of the current boom spending money with similar abandon?

One possibility is that economic uncertainty has put a damper on lavish displays of conspicuous consumption. As recently reported in The Wall Street Journal, the so-called “smart money” is bearish on companies that have gone public through special purpose acquisition vehicles (SPACs). Short-sellers have increased their bets to more than triple their value at the start of the year, rising from $724 million to about $2.7 billion. And broadly speaking, no one is sure whether the post-COVID economy will be characterized by unprecedented growth, or inflation and sluggish employment rates.

Other factors, however, may be inspiring Silicon Valley’s latest crop of millionaires to seek gratification in philanthropy instead of consumption:

Heightened awareness of increased need

While the gap between America’s haves and have-nots has been widening for decades, the gulf grew even wider during the pandemic. The weight of the crisis fell unequally on the vulnerable, with millions of Americans unable to afford or access even essentials such as food, health care, housing and broadband. Against a backdrop of endless lines for food pantries — even on military bases — extravagant displays of wealth may seem insensitive as well as immoderate.

An attitude of gratitude

Aaron Rubin, a partner at Werba Rubin Papier Wealth Management, told The New York Times that this boom feels qualitatively different from previous ones. In addition to experiencing unease about the economy, his clients are expressing “more gratitude” and making more plans for charity.

Social crisis

In addition to COVID, racial equity, social justice and the political environment were at the fore of our national conversation. These topics got people thinking about how they could use their assets to influence society positively.

Generational generosity

Many Silicon Valley “techies” are Millennials. Surveys show that in comparison to other generations, Millennials are relatively more philanthropic, more concerned about using their social capital and purchasing power to improve the world, and more interested in aligning their actions with their ideals. And they’ve been very responsive to the increased need as of late.

Additionally, nearly three-quarters of Millennials have sent financial aid to family or friends or donated to a nonprofit since the pandemic began, according to payment app Zelle’s September Consumer Payment Behaviors report. That’s the highest rate among any of the generations polled.

The Tesla of Charitable Vehicles

It’s easy to see how the next wave of entrepreneurial business IPOs could fuel an explosion of interest in philanthropy; what’s less clear is how that interest will manifest. Although Silicon Valley has a very robust community foundation that serves the surrounding vicinity, not all of its Millennial philanthropists are likely to be content with solely meeting local needs. Nor may they be satisfied with giving only through a donor-advised fund (DAF), which, while popular for its tax advantages and ease of set-up, does not offer donors much say over their giving.

Consider these critical insights to how Millennials approach their giving:

While they are more likely than other generations to see giving as part of their identity, they also may have lower levels of trust in the nonprofits they support and are more likely to want to be actively engaged in the direction and use of their financial support.

  • Younger entrepreneurs see charitable giving as a way to build their reputation, with 84% saying they value giving as an opportunity to demonstrate leadership in the community.
  • Seventy-four percent value having their contributions recognized publicly, compared to only 19% of Boomers.
  • Millennial business owners are already planning their charitable legacies; nearly two-thirds plan to leave money to charity after they’re gone, versus 46% of Boomers.
  • One study also notes that “Younger entrepreneurs are going beyond simple cash donations — both personally and in their businesses — and are giving in increasingly sophisticated ways.”

For all these reasons, a private foundation, which confers complete donor control and offers an almost limitless toolbox for creative giving, might emerge as the preferred charitable vehicle for this new class of donors who crave hands-on, out-of-the box philanthropy.

In addition to granting to publicly supported nonprofits, the type of giving permitted with a DAF, a private foundation is empowered to:

  • Give directly to individuals in need.
  • Make loans to charitable organizations and use the proceeds from the repayments to make other programmatic investments.
  • Invest in for-profit businesses to further a charitable purpose.
  • Conduct its own charitable programs and activities.
  • Give awards and prizes to spur progress.
  • Enter into binding agreements with grant recipients to ensure they use the funds as intended.
  • Dictate naming rights as part of a grant agreement and enforce adherence.
  • Deliver grant checks in person (e.g., at a fundraising gala).
  • Follow any investment strategy that complies with prudent investor rules.

Moreover, because a private foundation can be established to exist in perpetuity, handed down from one generation to the next, it might have a special appeal for techies who are intent on building an enduring personal legacy associated with lifelong philanthropy and social impact.

 

This article was written by Hannah Shaw Grove from Kiplinger and was legally licensed through the Industry Dive publisher network. Please direct all licensing questions to legal@industrydive.com.

 

The contents in this article are being provided for educational and informational purposes only. The information and comments are not the views or opinions of Union Bank, its subsidiaries or affiliates.

 

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